The Easter Rising (Irish: Éirí Amach na Cásca), also known as the Easter Rebellion, was an armed insurrection in Ireland during Easter Week in April 1916. Success or failure in anything at all depends on 3 factors: Timing, Point of view, Long term affects. There were speeches, wreath-layings, parades, and Irish sectarian disputes that outsiders have almost no chance of understanding. The first day of the Easter Rising, Monday, April 24, 1916, saw some 1,200 volunteer soldiers of the Irish Volunteers take over positions in the centre of Dublin, launching the week-long revolution known as the Easter Rising Volunteer positions. There is no arguing that the Easter Rising, in its entirety, was a complete military failure. British troops soon arrived to put down the rebellion, and for nearly a week Dublin was paralyzed by street fighting. There was also a declaration of martial law earlier that week. Up to 1914, most Irish nationalists aspired to no more than Home Rule, a very limited measure of local government that would have left all important matters in the hands of the British government at Westminster. Professor Laffan’s course The Irish Revolution is available as a podcast series on iTunes and via RSS feed. Listen to ‘Why was there an Easter Rising?‘, Image: ‘The shell of the G.P.O. The Easter Rising of 1916 was an insurrection planned and executed by the Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB) and other Irish separatist groups. Easter Rising 1916 – why it happened when it did Share Tweet There had been numerous rebellions in the past, starting with the Irish Bruce Wars of 1315-18, which saw Irish chieftains trying to overthrow the English monarchy and install Edward Bruce from Scotland as king. The insurrection was planned by Patrick Pearse, Tom Clarke, and several other leaders of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, which was a revolutionary society within the nationalist organization called the Irish Volunteers; the latter had about 16,000 members and was armed with German weapons smuggled into the country in 1914. The rebellion was quickly crushed by British forces and was considered a failure at first. Omissions? Updates? Easter Rising, also called Easter Rebellion, Irish republican insurrection against British government in Ireland, which began on Easter Monday, April 24, 1916, in Dublin. Subscribe to our mailing list to receive updates on new History Hub posts. The Easter Rising is so-called because it started on Easter Monday, the 24th of April 1916. Answered September 30, 2020 I think the Easter rising was a failure because there were many reasons for it. The result, a month later, in January 1919; The First Dáil. For 100 years, the Easter Rising has occupied center stage in the memory making of republican Ireland. Why did a radical Marxist support a rebellion led by Catholic nationalists? The rising lasted until the 30th of April 1916. There were several reasons for this. The Timing of the Easter Rising did or did not take place at the right period in time? Professor Laffan is the author of The Resurrection of Ireland: the Sinn Féin Party, 1916-1923 (Cambridge Press) and The Partition of Ireland, 1911-1925 (Historical Association of Ireland). It comprised 1200 men and women from the Irish Volunteers, socialist group Irish Citizen Army & women from Cumman na mBan. It has been referred to as 'The Irish War for Independence' and was the pivotal event in ultimately securing independence for the Republic of Ireland. The 1916 Rising largely ended Irish Party leader John Redmond’s dream of Home Rule. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Or did it? These two organizations were supplemented by the Irish Citizen Army, an association of Dublin workers formed after the failure of the general strike of 1913, and by the small Sinn Féin party. The centennial, then, was celebrated on the Monday after Easter even though it technically was more than two weeks before April 24th, the actual 100th anniversary of the Rising. The Easter Rising changed all that. Corrections? The insurrection was planned by Patrick Pearse, Tom Clarke, and several other leaders of the Irish Republican Brotherhood. This provided retrospective vindication for the Rising. Was the rising undemocratic? He looks at the reasons for the Rising from the perspectives of public opinion, popularity and democracy. But perhaps the main significance of the Rising was the huge consequences that emanated from it. Subscribe to our mailing list to receive updates on new History Hub posts, UCD School of History Even once it had started, few Dubliners took the opportunity to join the rebels. Given the population of Dublin and the surrounding area, comparatively few people took part in the rebellion. The Easter Rising was a rebellion lasting from April 24th to April 30th 1916. The uprising was planned to be nationwide in scope, but a series of mishaps led to its being confined to Dublin alone. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... British soldiers behind an improvised barricade of barrels during the Easter Rising, 1916. How many of these facts did you know? He looks at the reasons for the Rising … Why was there an Easter Rising? When the rising broke out on Easter Monday 1916, it was destined to be a much smaller affair than what had originally been planned. During the Easter Rising, a total of 485 people were killed. The original idea was to have a national uprising (with German aid) on Easter Sunday. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. The Easter Rising: The English began to rule over Ireland beginning in 1542 when the English king, Henry VIII, declared himself king of Ireland. It was the Easter Rising that brought republicanism from the margins to the mainstream of Irish nationalism. Why did the Easter Rising of 1916 fail? info@historyhub.ie. The Easter Rising was virtually confined to Dublin. Here are some of them: The rebels were short of weapons and ammunition, because the day before the weapons and ammunition were due to arrive in County Kerry from Germany and were captured by Britain. Let’s look at the facts. This led to imprisonment of about 3,500 people, many of whom were innocent, along with rebel leaders, among them James Connolly, some of which were executed as a result of the courts-martial. Two and a half years later, in December 1918, Irish nationalists voted overwhelmingly for the Sinn Féin party which was committed to the ideals of the Easter Rising. The Easter Rising was an Irish rebellion against British rule staged in Dublin in April 1916, which accelerated moves toward securing Ireland's freedom from the British Empire. On April 24 their forces seized the Dublin General Post Office and other strategic points in Dublin’s city centre, and Pearse read aloud a proclamation announcing the birth of the Irish republic. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Easter Rising, or Easter Rebellion, was an Irish republican insurrection against British government in Ireland. Source: National Library of Ireland on The Commons (Life goes on…Uploaded by russavia) [see page for license], via Wikimedia Commons. The evidence suggests that people were concerned about the tactics of known Republicans such as Patrick Pearse and James Connolly … But at the time, in Easter week 1916, it was an action taken in defiance of public opinion. Two and a half years later, in December 1918, Irish nationalists voted overwhelmingly for the Sinn Féin party which was committed to the ideals of the Easter Rising. Was the rising undemocratic? Why was there an Easter Rising? The British capture of a shipment of German arms on 21st April 1916 greatly reduced its scale outside the capital. It began on Easter Monday, April 24, 1916, in Dublin, Ireland. The original idea was to have a national uprising (with German aid) on Easter Sunday. In 1912 he persuaded the British Parliament to pass a Home Rule Bill giving Ireland limited autonomy. Prof Michael Laffan (UCD) explores the national and international circumstances of Ireland before Easter Week, 1916. As part of the History Hub.ie podcast series Professor Michael Laffan (UCD) explores the national and international circumstances of Ireland before Easter Week, 1916. Easter Monday was on the 24th of April in 1916. Because Eamon de Valera was the senior survivor of the rising, he gained much of his personal popularity with the Irish people from that event. Our podcasts cover a huge variety of topics ranging from the Middle Ages to the new millennium. The Irish Volunteers were formed in 1913 in response to the blocking of Home Rule, or self governance, by the Ulster Volunteers. It was done to protest against British rule in Ireland.. At first, the Irish had planned to have a larger number of men attack the city. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. British artillery bombardments compelled Pearse and his colleagues to surrender on April 29. Just follow the links below. The Rising. The Easter Rising was a rebellion in Dublin, Ireland at Easter in 1916.It started on April 24, 1916 and ended on April 29, 1916.It was carried out by members of the Irish Republican Brotherhood and members of the Irish Citizens Army. Sixteen of … While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. The Easter Rising may have erupted suddenly in 1916 but it had a background of Irish discontent with British rule that dated back several hundred years. The Irish Civil War of 1922–3 occurred as a … Similarly, there is much disagreement about James Connolly’s role in the Easter Rising. The Easter Rising was unpopular with many Irish people. The Following is sourced from Wikipedia. Lenin, Connolly had successfully placed socialism at the vanguard of the nationalist struggle. For additional information, please visit the GAC Library. It continued throughout Easter week until Saturday the 29th of April. But that had to be abandoned when the Irish Volunteers cancelled the manoeuvres that were to be a cover for the uprising. The Rising was launched by Irish republicans against British rule in Ireland with the aim of establishing an independent Irish Republic while the United Kingdom was fighting the First World War. The changed political landscape in Ireland, after the Rising, could not … …the rising took place, on Easter Monday 1916, only about 1,000 men and women were actually engaged. To sympathetic fellow-communists, such as V.I. Why was there an Easter Rising? From our perspective today it’s easy to forget that that not everyone in Ireland in 1916 wanted to overthrow British rule and many people were unhappy about the Easter Rising. The Easter Rising signaled the start of the republican revolution in Ireland. Ironically, though many in what is now the south wanted independence, they did not support the ways of movements such as the Fenians and the IRB. There had been numerous rebellions in the past, starting with the Irish Bruce Wars of 1315-18, which saw Irish chieftains trying to overthrow the English monarchy and install Edward Bruce from Scotland as king. Dublin 4 Though the uprising itself had been unpopular with most of the Irish people, these executions excited a wave of revulsion against the British authorities and turned the dead republican leaders into martyred heroes. It was the most significant action by Irish republicans for almost 120 years, the last major uprising being the 1798 United Irish Rebellion. He looks at the reasons for the Rising from the perspectives of public opinion, popularity and democracy and considers how one might now appraise the Rising. But the role of Irish soldiers in World War I had been all but forgotten -- until now. on Sackville Street (later O’Connell Street), Dublin in the aftermath of the 1916 Rising’. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/Easter-Rising, History Learning Site - The 1916 Easter Rising, Natioanl Museum of Ireland - The Easter Rising: Understanding 1916, Easter Rising - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Easter Rising - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Belfield A provisional Irish government was proclaimed. It was the most significant uprising in Ireland since the rebellion of 1798 and the first armed conflict of the Irish revolutionary period. Prof Michael Laffan (UCD) explores the national and international circumstances of Ireland before Easter Week, 1916. 1. 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