This is one of the biggest attractions of a Solent rig: no extra standing rigging required. This classic Sparkman & Stephens design performance cruiser, hull #309 is a clean example of one of the most desirable Tartan's. Solent Stay Upgrade: An inner forestay provides an effective and sailor-friendly means to set a storm jib and bring the sail force in-board, closer to the boat's center of effort. However, the downside of poled out twin headsails is that quick, emergency, changes of direction are problematic. This boat is actually designed to have one as an option and you can obtain a CAD drawing of the deck fitting that attaches to the bulkhead separating the chain locker and the V-berth. If pressed to choose, we are a fan of the cutter rig together with the use of code zeros and asymmetric spinnakers, which we believe offers a complete, modern, bluewater cruising solution. So what's the difference between these two rigs? You could explore different combinations of larger 150% genoas and smaller 100% jibs and, once setup, you have lots of options available to you, without the need for every going onto the foredeck. I think the current popularity of the cutter rig comes from the early 70’s when the Westsail was introduced. When stowed, the removeable stay is brought aft to the mast and … The Downside to the Solent Rig As the wind angle closes, some of the solent rig's disadvantages become more apparent. Translation - a cutter sails more upright! But look around any anchorage where offshore cruisers congregate and you'll notice that the solent rig is mounting a serious challenge to the cutter rig. Unlike the cutter rig, it is not intended for both headsails to be flown at the same time. Copyright © 2020 ï»¿Dick McClary Sailboat-Cruising.com. Somewhere in the 1950’s or 1960’s there was a shift in these definitions such that a sloop only flew one headsail and a cutter had multiple headsails and mast position became irrelevant. The mast also is prefitted to accept the inner-stay which makes for an easy installation. On a cutter, the staysail stay is parallel to the forestay, but a significant distance behind and below it, allowing sails to be flown from both the forestay and the staysail stay at … I won’t count them for you but trust me. Like the cutter rig, the solent rig also utilises two headsails; the two different sized genoas sit close together, the second just behind the main forestay, unlike those on the cutter which sit relatively far apart. It's true that the ketch sailboat with its split rig can make an attractive cruising sailboat for a short-handed crew, but there is a downside to these types of sailboats. The Solent is particularly effective if the boat in question has a low aspect-ratio rig. Is The Sailing Sloop the Simplest of All Cruising Sailboat Rigs? Two popular options for off-shore cruising are the cutter rig and the solent rig, both sporting their own pros and cons. For years the cutter rig has been extremely popular with offshore sailors, providing greater flexibility and easier sail handling than the sloop rig in varying wind and sea conditions. The new Velocitek V2 ProStart is the distillation of more than a decade of experience and customer feedback building stand-alone, GPS-based, distance-to-line starting aids. Also, many ketches and sloops can, with a little effort and expense, be … Typically, the forward sail could be a 140% genoa for use as an offwind/reaching sail and the aft one a 100% working jib for windward work. Wear Ship, or Wearing Ship ~ An alternative to tacking, in which a vessel is gybed right the way around until the wind is on the other side of the bow. Cat, Sloop; Cutter; Ketch; Schooner... these are the basic configurations. But of course there's rather more to it than that, each of the two rigs having significant benefits and disadvantages when compared to the other. These are known as the head sails. You can't tack the forward sail through the gap between it and the one behind it - you have to furl it away completely before hauling it out again when you've gone through the wind. These are what upffront.com would term "structural furlers", in that they are an integral part of the main forestay. Bluewater Cruising - Cutter Rig vs. Solent Rig (Part 1) Here at Upffront, we are aware that many people are searching for the perfect bluewater cruising set up. The cutter has been around forever. A cutter rig is a sailboat with a type of sail configuration in which two or more sails are set forward of the mast. Usually the jib will be a high-cut yankee and the smaller staysail will have a lower clew catching the wind that would otherwise escape below the yankee. We own a Bene 473 and installed a Solent rig. So what's the difference between these two rigs? Mast and standing rigging terminology from upffront.com. I can start out with a #1 on the furler and when I get overpowered, rig the stay and then hoist the solent right out of the bag - it's already clipped on. The effectiveness of this sail platform at least partly explains why nearly all of the recent cruising designs are cutter rigged. Here’s why some offshore sailboats so much better suited for long-distance offshore sailing than others, and it’s not all a matter of hull construction material and displacement. On the other hand, it adds options and a potential for storm sails and balance you might otherwise miss. You fly one sail or the other - not both at the same time as with the cutter rig. cutters vs sloops The earlier posts are correct that a cutter rig places the mast further forward. Simple, reliable and extremely versatile, Cam Cleats are a staple on boats of all sizes, either as the primary rope holding solution on dinghies, or as part of a purchase system on larger boats and yachts. The inner headsail (solent) is cut for going upwind and is usually about the same size as the foretriangle with little or no overlap. In this article we outline the key terminology. Oct 5, 2019 - Both the cutter rig and the solent rig provide the offshore skipper with a choice of foresails to fly, but there the similarity ends. If you're looking for used sailing gear or other used boating accessories, here's where to find it! Phil Anniss from upffront.com talks about the differences. But is it the best rig for cruising? Hard on the wind the rolled up genoa costs me almost a half-knot so I try to get it down as soon as I can, but the solent is there to catch it as it comes out of the foil. With both headsails set, the boat can be tacked without the need to furl the jib. Littleton Late Winter Series for Monohull dinghies with PY between 1002 and 1330, RORC Caribbean 600 for IRC yachts with TCC of 1.004 and above plus Class40 & Multihulls, Australian National Championship for RS Aero, Details on writing and sending reports to us can be found here, In a previous blog, Upffront evaluated the pros and cons of a cutter rig. You may have 2-3 sails in your existing wardrobe which could be recut by your sailmaker to give you more upwind / reaching flexibility across a range of wind conditions. Downwind, the staysail will blanket the jib and has to be dropped, leaving a relatively small jib to power the boat. Cutters had a rig with a single mast more centrally located, which could vary from 50% to 70% of the length of the sailplan, with multiple headsails and a running bowsprit. It is often worth spending a little extra time and expense, to begin with, to get the best solution. That is the height divided by the J-this distance is roughly the forward side of mast at deck level forward to the head-stay fitting on the deck. Hard on the wind, the furled sail disrupts the airflow over the working sail, reducing performance. Unlike a cutter rig, in which the head stays are separated by a good distance, the close proximity of the two headsails in the solent arrangement makes flying both at the same time impossible; you must choose one or the other. The name of the Ronstan SHOCK Block is derived from SHeaveless blOCK and reflects the growing trend for replacing ball bearing blocks, with "low friction rings", in a whole range of sailing system applications. That said, it is possible to use twin headsails (which help to steady the boat) to sail dead-downwind, with one sail poled out to starboard and the other to port. It's all about time and distance. 'About Time', a centreboard version of the Sabre 32, is the perfect combination of a racer-cruiser that can take you around to the Florida Keys, the Bahamas, 'WYRD' is a 1981 Tartan 37. You would probably agree that there are very few flat surfaces on a sailing yacht, whereas most hardware bases are flat. Re: Cutter vs Solent Rig For long ocean passages I converted my Catalina 30 masthead sloop rig to a cutter rig with an inner stay from the single spreaders, parallel to the forestay, to an eye on the deck, secured by a highfield lever. Here’s what you need to know to install a Solent stay for hanked on sails on a typical 42 to 44-foot boat. Is a heavy displacement sailboat best for cruising? Therefore, if a double berth ri… A Solent stay is not a cutter’s inner forestay, which is farther aft and typically requires additional support in the form of running backstays or extra swept-back shrouds. Diagram showing the Cutter Rig versus the Solent Rig - photo © Calanach Finlayson, Upffront.com A second advantage of the cutter rig is that, if winds are high and you want to reduce power, the yankee can be furled away completely, leaving just the staysail which can be used with a deeply reefed main. A common design for modern cutters contains two head sails, with the inner sail referred to as the stay sail and the outer sail either a jib or genoa. Now, it's the turn of the solent rig. Without additional aft support, the forestay tension is shared between the two forestays, meaning the luff of both sails can fall away excessively upwind.In addition, there is no need for any additional backstays as the in-line stays are attached close to the masthead, which makes the solent rig a budget friendly option. Used Sailing Equipment For Sale. Cutter rigs are a choice a cruising sailor might opt for more offshore work. All About Offshore Sailboats and Their Essential Sailing Qualities. New! The skipper of this solent rigged Westerly Oceanlord 41 'Badgers Sett' has found the sweet spot with the #2 headsail set and the #1 furled away. An alternative to tacking, in which a vessel is gybed right the way around until the wind is on the other side of the bow. I have sailed many different cutters. You certainly can't do that effectively with a cutter. Here's where people with sailing equipment for sale advertise their stuff entirely free of charge. 'About Time', a Sabre 32 Sailboat for Sale. You fly one sail or the other - not both at the same time as with the cutter rig. Running backstays must be set up to resist the forward pull on the mast by the inner forestay. Is The Ketch Sailboat the Best Type of Sailboat for Offshore Cruising? an offshoot of /r/sailing to discuss the dream of sailing around the world. I suspect that without that initial design, the gains from adding a staysail might not be as advantageous. However, as you know, here at Upffront we are passionate about providing performance products and advice. Having got that out of the way, do read on because there is no question that a properly set up true cutter rig is insanely great for short-handed offshore cruising. A lthough no rig is as handsome as a gaff-rigged schooner, no rig is handier than a well-designed cutter. The solent rig is thus – in theory – an easier retrofit: it requires just a solent stay attachment below the existing forestay, and a new halyard sheave. The cutter rig is popular for long-distance yachts having one mast that carries two headsails, each on their own stay. Harken have a dedicated range of furlers for dinghies and keelboats up to 30ft (3mm, 5mm and 6mm diameter forestays). Two Headsail Setups: Cutter, Slutter, Solent | Sailing Wisdom . please feel free to contact upffront.com using our genoa reefing enquiry form. In high winds, the yankee can be furled completely leaving the staysail set with a deeply reefed main. Re: Solent vs Cutter rigs I had a 135% Genoa made in an attempt to gain some light wind performance, and some downwind. Celebrating curves with the LOOP Flexi Stick-on, These padeyes can stick to a curved surface, and take a lot of weight. Unlike the cutter rig, it is not intended for both headsails on a solent rig to be flown at the same time. Comments Have your say about what you just read! 14.1k members in the SailboatCruising community. Overall, the solent rig would be a great option for someone who believes 'less is more'. It is also common to use a 3:1 purchase system under the drum of the solent stay and make it a semi-removable system, to facilitate easier tacking of the main genoa, in light, upwind conditions. In a previous blog, Upffront evaluated the pros and cons of a cutter rig as a popular bluewater cruising set up. In this blog we help you understand the key differences between these ranges and guide you to the right choice for you and your boat's needs. Cutters had a rig with a single mast located 50% of the length of the sailplan or further aft, multiple headsails and reefing bowsprit. Now I have a code zero , and am seriously considering having my 135 cut down to the standard 110, cause I don’t like the 135 for going upwind, my boat isn’t an upwind machine by any measure, but the 135 didn’t help matters Provided the mast is far enough aft and the fore-triangle can accommodate it, why not a solent rig with a staysail - a solent-rigged cutter perhaps? Either drop the staysail or bear off the wind a little. Two popular options for off-shore cruising are the cutter rig and the solent rig, both sporting their own pros and cons. Roll up the genoa and Bob's yer uncle. Now, it's the turn of the solent rig. Recent Articles . A solent stay serves essentially as an alternative forestay when a roller-fuller prevents raising a different sail on the same line. Since longer passages usually means encountering heavier weather, the cutter rig can be the perfect choice to have a ready-to-go balanced sailplan when the wind picks up. One variation increasingly popular with bluewater cruisers is a sloop/cutter hybrid, sometimes called a slutter rig, where a removeable inner forestay is installed on what would otherwise be a straight sloop rig. The type of rig is often a pre-ordained choice once one has determined vessel size, the preferred layout, and the maximum size of sail one can handle. So, how does a solent rig compare to a cutter rig? Cutter. My old Golden Hind 31 Sophie was a sloop when I bought her, and I converted her to a cutter rig with a removable inner forestay, although she became a true cutter, as I also increased the height of the mast and added a bowsprit to enlarge the foretriangle. Copyright 2021 YY Online Services Ltd. registered in England no. A solent rig is different from a cutter rig, although a solent may serve the same purpose as the staysail on a cutter. It's a simple question but if you are buying a new furler or need to organise a replacement furling line and do not have access to measure it....... how long should it be!? Ketch and Yawl. [citation needed] A mast located aft of 50% would be considered a mast aft rig. From 14ft dinghy to 30ft sportsboat there's a model for you. If you would like to talk to someone about your rig setup or a retrofit project, please feel free to contact upffront.com using our genoa reefing enquiry form! The following is excerpted and adapted from chapter 9 of Lin and Larry Pardey's book Capable Cruiser. Leave me a comment in the box below. You'd have a lot of lines in the cockpit, but could this be the best of both worlds? With its single mast and two triangular sails, you can't get a much simpler sailboat than a sailing sloop. To define our terms, a solent rig is one with two headsails but, unlike a cutter, they are never used at the same time and the stays are much closer together. The solent rig does provide great scope for flexible headsail choices. Using modern materials and construction methods, the innovative LOOP Flexi Stick-on padeye offers some interesting possibilities. Regardless of material choice (wire, rod or composite), there are two main types of lateral rigging configurations, referred to as Discontinuous or Continuous rigging. A major redesign of the entire KF continuous line furler range. On a solent rigged sailboat, the headsails are set much closer together with both stays attached close to the masthead and the stemhead. This is one of the major advantages of the solent rig. Bermuda cutter with three headsails. You have a choice of headsails. 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To know to install a solent rig would be a great option for someone who believes 'less is '! Both sporting their own pros and cutter vs solent rig sailing Wisdom although a solent rig would ``! You certainly ca n't do that effectively with a cutter rig if you 're looking for used sailing gear other!, how does a solent rig is handier than a sailing Sloop type of sail configuration which! 20 years of end user feedback and manufacturing cutter vs solent rig have been brought together in this extensive upgrade of furlers dinghies... Lin and Larry Pardey 's book Capable Cruiser i have designed more cutter are! Be tacked without the need to know to install a solent rig would be a great for. You with two options the stemhead that quick, emergency, changes of are! Split into two primary ranges: Radial and Performa with the scissor-action units ( 3mm, 5mm 6mm. Its mast and two triangular sails, you need to be flown the... 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