In 2008, archaeologists affiliated with the Museum of London announced that they had discovered the foundations of what they believed to be The Theatre. [4]:64 In 1607, The Travels of the Three English Brothers, by Rowley, Day, and Wilkins, was performed at the Curtain. Little is known of the companies that performed there, or of the plays they performed. [6] For seven years Henry Lanman (owner of the Curtain) had an agreement with James Burbage (owner of the Theatre) that all profit would be shared between them. Excavation work for the Curtain Theatre The Stage will have a state-of-the-art gym with one-to-one training, toning, spa treatments, juice bars, chilled towels and luxury changing facilities. The Curtain was one of the 12 huge amphitheatres, including the Globe Theatre, which were built around the City of London. There is no record of it after 1627. [15][16] In 2013 plans were submitted to develop the site with a 40-storey tower of 400 apartments, plus a Shakespeare museum, 250-seat outdoor auditorium and park, with the archaeological remains visible in a glass enclosure. It’s not certain who built the Curtain Theatre but it could have been Henry Lanman, a theatrical entrepreneur, who was the theatre’s manager from 1582 until 1592. The Lord Chamberlain's Men departed the Curtain when the Globe Theatre, which they built to replace the Theatre, was ready for use in 1599. The name derives from the curtain wall of the adjacent St John the Baptist Holywell monastery. The Curtain Theatre was an Elizabethan playhouse located in Curtain Close, Shoreditch (part of the modern Borough of Hackney), just outside the City of London. ", "Mysteries unearthed in Shoreditch excavation of Shakespeare's Curtain Theatre", "Shakespeare clues found after Shoreditch exacerbation", "Archaeologists reveal initial findings from detailed excavation at Shakespeare's Curtain Theatre – HeritageDaily – Heritage & Archaeology News", "Shakespeare Curtain Theatre: Remains reveal toy used for sound effects", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Curtain_Theatre&oldid=994194840, Former buildings and structures in the London Borough of Hackney, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 15:21. [4]:63 The proprietor appears to have been Henry Lanman, described as a "gentleman": in 1585, Lanman made an agreement with the proprietor of the Theatre, James Burbage, to use the Curtain as a supplementary house, or "easer," to the more prestigious older playhouse. [3] Little is known of the companies that performed there, or of the plays they performed. Please consider making a small donation to help keep this site free. The Curtain was built just south of the Theatre in 1577, and was similar in construction. [19] The galleries were straight. Shakespeare himself trod its boards and we know Romeo and Juliet was performed there. Now, Londoners will have the chance to learn about Shoreditch’s Shakespearean theatrical history … Elizabethan theatres had small curtained enclosures at the back of their stages; but the large front-curtained Proscenium stage did not appear in England till after the Restoration.) It opened in 1577, and continued staging plays until 1622. It was called the "Curtain" because it was located near a plot of land called Curtain Close, which derived its name in turn from its proximity to the walls of Holywell Priory, a curtain wall being a section of wall between two bastions. It was an outdoor open air theatre, which would have … From 1597 to 1599 it became the premiere venue of Shakespeare's Company, the Lord Chamberlain's Men, who had been forced to leave their former playing space at The Theatre after the latter closed in 1596. Thereby, he assumes that Lanman’s business, the Curtain, must have been doing as well as Burbage’s business, the Theatre, since both, Lanman and Burbage, had agreed on a pooling arrangement for seven years in 1585, to pool profits. Built in 1577, the Curtain Theatre played host to Shakespeare's earliest plays including the first performances of Henry V and early performances of Romeo and Juliet. The Curtain The Curtain was the second London playhouse, built in 1577, next to the Theatre, north of the London Wall. The Lord Chamberlain's Men departed the Curtain when the Globe, which they built to replace the Theatre, was ready for use (1599). The Curtain Theatre was built about a year after The Theatre in 1577. The remains of the theatre were rediscovered in archaeological excavations in 2012–16. Built in 1577, The Curtain was the second playhouse in Shoreditch, following the Theatre built the year before 200 yards to the north. First off, you’d know that the Curtain playhouse had been open for a matter of years by 1579; the first references appear in 1577, so it was likely built some time around or shortly before this date (theatre history narratives tend toby [26], A reconstruction of the Curtain Theatre features in the 1998 film Shakespeare in Love. [3], Also uncovered was a fragmentary ceramic bird whistle, dating from the late 16th century. A modern plaque marks its site today, in Hewett Street off Curtain Road. The Curtain was the second such public playhouse (after The Theatre) to be built in the London environs. It was the venue of several of Shakespeare's plays, including Romeo and Juliet (which gained "Curtain plaudits") and Henry V. In this latter play the somewhat undistinguished Curtain gains immortal fame by being described by Shakespeare as "this wooden O." Otherwise, it would be very unwise of Burbage to pool profits if he did better in the first place. The ultimate fate of the Curtain is obscure. [12][13] However, a commemorative plaque was erected at 18 Hewett Street. [20] In November 2016, a tunnel structure – accessed by doors on either end of the stage – was unearthed, which would have allowed actors to exit from one side and come on again from the other without being seen by the audience. The Curtain was built some 200 yards south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. Very close geographically, they were perhaps even closer in design. The most significant revelation was that the Curtain was rectangular, not round. King's Men member John Underwood did the same in 1624. [18] The theatre had timber galleries with mid and upper areas for wealthier audience members, and a courtyard made from compacted gravel for those with less to spend. Both this … The building was dismantled in 1598, and Burbage’s sons, Cuthbert and Richard, used its timbers to construct the first Globe Theatre. Burbage's father James had shares in the theatre at the time of his death.[9]:144. (It was called the "Curtain" because it was located near a plot of land called Curtain Close, not because it had the sort of front curtain associated with modern theatres. History of The Curtain Theatre Considered to be the first theatre district in the capital, Shoreditch is treasured for its artistic and dynamic significance today as much as it was in the 1570s when The Curtain Theatre first opened its doors. The proprietor appears to have been Henry Lanman, described as a "gentleman": in 1585, Lanman made a… Later that same year Jonson gained a certain notoriety by killing actor Gabriel Spencer in a duel in nearby Hoxton Fields. [27], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}51°31′23″N 0°4′47″W / 51.52306°N 0.07972°W / 51.52306; -0.07972, For the Glasgow theatre company of the 1930s, see, "Remains of Shakespeare's Curtain Theatre discovered in Shoreditch", "Shakespeare's Curtain theatre unearthed in east London", "Curtain lifts on open-air stage at Shakespeare theatre site in Shoreditch", "500-year-old Romeo And Juliet prop found in dig at Shakespeare's Curtain Theatre", "Will theatre revelations shed light on Shakespeare's secrets? (It was called the "Curtain" because it was located near a plot of land called Curtain Close, not In 1607 The Travels of the Three English Brothers, by Rowley, Day, and Wilkins, was performed at the Curtain. [3] Walls survived up to 1.5 metres (5 ft) high in places; MOLA identified the courtyard, where theatregoers stood, and the inner walls, which held the galleries. This raised the question of whether the bird whistle was merely a Tudor toy or a prop for plays that needed sound effects. In 1603 the Curtain became the playhouse of Queen Anne's Men (formerly known as Worcester's Men, and formerly at the Rose Theatre, where they'd played Heywood's A Woman Kill'd With Kindness in February of that year). . It was built around 100 metres south of James Burbage’s Theatre in Shoreditch and was run by Henry Lanman at one point. History of The Curtain Words in the News: Shakespeare’s ‘The Curtain’ uncovered: 8 June 2012 The Curtain Theatre was built in 1577 in Shoreditch, and was London's second playhouse. The Curtain Theatre takes its name from Curtain Close, the walled pasture in which the playhouse was built. It was the first permanent theatre ever built in England. The Curtain Theatre in Shoreditch was Britain’s second playhouse and home to William Shakespeare’s company, the Lord Chamberlain’s Men before they moved onto the renowned Globe on South Bank. It was the venue of several of Shakespeare's plays, including Romeo and Juliet (which gained "Curtain plaudits") and Henry IV Part I and Part II. The MoLA has found the original site on Hewett Street, a few hundred yards from another theatre found by the museum in 2008 called The Theatre. The stage is set at Shakespeare's Curtain Theatre MOLA team 10.11.2016 As the detailed 3 month excavation of Shakespeare’s Curtain Theatre comes to a close and development of The Stage gets underway, our recent discoveries are poised to completely transform our understanding of the evolution of Elizabethan theatres. The first clear mention of the Curtain is in 1584, when the City of London petitioned the parish of Shoreditch to shut down their playhouses. Thomas Pope, one of the Lord Chamberlain's Men, owned a share in the Curtain and left it to his heirs in his last will and testament in 1603. [4]:62[14], In 2012, archaeologists from MOLA (Museum of London Archaeology) announced that they had discovered the remains of the theatre during trial excavations. It was built in 1576 after the Red Lion, and the first successful one. Some of the early William Shakespeare plays were performed here up to 1598, possibly including his Romeo and Juliet , and this is probably the case with Thomas Kyd's famous The Spanish Tragedy and also some of the plays of Christopher Marlowe. ", "Did Shakespeare write Henry V to suit London theatre's odd shape? The Theatre was the first purpose-built early modern playhouse and the original home of the Chamberlain's Men (later the King’s Men after 1603). [25], In August 2019 the structural remains and below-ground deposits were designated a Scheduled Monument. ¶ Theatre Architecture Built by Henry Laneman (also known as Henry Lanman) in 1577, the Curtain arose a mere 200 yards from its neighbour, the Theatre, built the year before by James Burbage (Gurr 31; Bowsher, Shakespeare’s London Theatreland 55, 62). It opened in 1577, and continued staging plays until 1624.[1]. [2][3] (The name bears no relationship to the front curtain associated with modern theatres.) Post-excavation analysis of the Curtain Theatre in Shoreditch, which staged some of Shakespeare’s plays (see CA 316), has revealed new clues to how the Elizabethan playhouse was used. The Curtain was one of the 12 massive amphitheatres, including the Globe Theatre, which were built around the City of London In 1574 the City of London started regulating the Inn-yard activities. Built by longtime Shakespeare aficionado Richard Garriott (software developer and major public benefactor), the Curtain Theater will host various public performances throughout the year. The Curtain was in use from 1577 until at least 1624, after which its ultimate fate is obscure as there is no record of it after 1627. The reasons for its closure are not known. The Curtain Theatre was an Elizabethan playhouse located in Curtain Close, Shoreditch (part of the modern Borough of Hackney), just outside the City of London. Thus, the suggestion is given that both proprietors were doing equal business. The Curtain was built around 1577, predating the famous Globe Theatre and distinguishing itself as Elizabethan England’s longest-serving commercial playhouse. It stayed open for forty five years, closing in 1622. Archaeologists in London say they've found the remains of a theatre where Shakespeare's plays were first performed. King's Men member John Underwood did the same in 1624. The Lord Chamberlain’s Men seem to have used the Curtain for performances between the end of the lease on the Theatre in 1597 and the opening of the Globe in 1599. The Curtain was built some 200 yards (180 m) south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. Its proprietor seems to have been one Henry Lanman, who is described as a "gentleman." It opened in 1577, and continued staging plays until 1622. The Theatre was an Elizabethan playhouse in Shoreditch (in Curtain Road, part of the modern London Borough of Hackney), just outside the City of London. University of Roehampton’s Callan Davies said: “We are honoured and incredibly excited to be able to bring performance, discussion, and community engagement to the Curtain. The London theatres, including the Curtain, were closed for much of the period from September 1592 to April 1594 due to the bubonic plague. The Curtain was believed to have been built near The Theatre, but the exact location was for many years unknown. [22], Glass beads and pins were unearthed along with drinking vessels and clay pipes. Museum of London Archaeology has been responsible for these excavations, which show us something of the reality of Shakespeare’s London and the vitality of its theatres, all built within a few decades of each other. [9]:37 The Curtain was named in John Stow's Survey of London in 1598, but was not listed in the 1603 edition. The Curtain was the neighbour of the Theatre and one of the first theatres in London. As far as is known, Lanman ran the Curtain as a private concern for the first phase of its existence; He died in 1606[7] and it is assumed by Edmund Chambers that the theatre had been re-arranged into a shareholder’s enterprise before his death at some point. J. Leeds Barroll focuses in Shakespeare studies: An annual gathering of Research, Criticism and Reviews on the fact that Henry Lanman had offered the Curtain as an easer to James Burbage, proprietor of the Theatre. The Curtain Theatre was an Elizabethan playhouse located in Hewett Street, Shoreditch (within the modern London Borough of Hackney), just outside the City of London. The Curtain sat just 200 yards south or south east of the capital’s first playhouse, the Theatre which opened in 1576. History of The Curtain Theatre Drum tower meval and middle ages history timelines parts a castle key stage 3 at www johndclare net conwy castle Whats people lookup in this blog: When Was The Curtain Wall Castle With Round Towers Built The Curtain was built some 200 yards south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. The Curtain was built some 200 yards south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. The Curtain Theatre was built in 1577 in Shoreditch, and was London's second playhouse. [5] Later that same year Jonson gained a certain notoriety by killing actor Gabriel Spencer in a duel in nearby Hoxton Fields. The Curtain was built some 200 yards south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. The Curtain, built in 1577, was only a few hundred yards from another theatre further along Curtain Road, imaginatively named the Theatre, … In 1574, the City of London began to … The Lord Chamberlain's Men also performed Ben Jonson's Every Man in His Humour here in 1598, with Shakespeare in the cast. Thomas Pope, one of the Lord Chamberlain's Men, owned a share in the Curtain and left it to his heirs in his last will and testament in 1603. [4]:63[8] The fact that both of these shareholders belonged to Shakespeare's company may indicate that the re-organization of the Curtain occurred when the Lord Chamberlain's Men were acting there. It was called the "Curtain" because it was located near a plot of land called Curtain Close, not From 1597 to 1599, it became the premier venue of Shakespeare's Company, the Lord Chamberlain's Men, who had been forced to leave their former playing space at The Theatre after the latter closed in 1596. The first clear mention of the Curtain is in 1584, when the City of London petitioned the parish of Shoreditchto shut down their playhouses. Curtain Theatre, playhouse opened in 1577 in Curtain Close, Finsbury Fields, Shoreditch. Little is known of the plays performed at the Curtain or of the playing companies that performed there. [17], In May 2016, excavators announced that the theatre was purpose-built and, unusually, was a rectangle (measuring 22×25 metres) rather than being round or polygonal. [3] The high-rise residential tower block on the site is to be named "The Stage"; and the two adjacent low-rise office blocks "The Bard" and "The Hewett". [21] Fragments of ceramic money boxes were found, which would have been used to collect entry fees from theatregoers, before being taken to an office to be smashed and the money counted: this office was known as the "box office", which is the origin of the term we use today. The excavation revealed a 14-metre (46 ft) stage, and evidence of a tunnel under the stage and galleries at the first floor level. Small finds included a ceramic bird whistle; ceramic money boxes for collecting entry fees; beads probably used for decorating stage costumes; and a small statue of Bacchus. The Curtain was built some 200 yards south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. It was called the "Curtain" because it was located near a plot of land called Curtain Close, not In 1585 Lanman made an agreement with the proprietor of the Theatre, James Burbage, to use the Curtain as a supplementary house, or "easer," to the more prestigious older playhouse. [23] The team also came across a mount and a token,[24] as well as personal items, including a bone comb. Considered to be the first theatre district in the capital, Shoreditch is treasured for its artistic and dynamic significance today as much as it was in the 1570s when The Curtain Theatre first opened its doors. Henry Lanman, who was the theatre’s manager from 1582 to 1592, may have been responsible for its creation. The Curtain was built some 200 yards south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. Archaeologists excavating The Curtain Theatre in Shoreditch When the Chorus addresses the audience from the stage at the opening of Shakespeare’s Henry V, he refers to ‘this wooden O’ – a phrase that is commonly understood as an image of an Elizabethan theatre such as The Globe, which was octahedral. Considered to be the first theatre district in the capital, Shoreditch is treasured for its artistic and dynamic significance today as much as it was in the 1570s when The Curtain Theatre first opened its doors. [11] In 1600, the Privy Council tried unsuccessfully to shut down the Curtain theatre,[4] and in 1603, the Curtain became the playhouse of Queen Anne's Men (formerly known as Worcester's Men, and formerly at the Rose Theatre, where they'd played Heywood's A Woman Kill'd With Kindness in February of that year). The fact that both of these shareholders belonged to Shakespeare's company may indicate that the re-organization of the Curtain occurred when the Lord Chamberlain's Men were acting there. The Curtain Theatre: The citizen's playhouse for high-octane drama MOLA team 30.01.2018 Today we’re able to reveal further fascinating insights into Shakespeare’s Curtain Theatre, and how its shape and form led it become a true citizen’s playhouse. The Lord Chamberlain's Men also performed Ben Jonson's Every Man in His Humour here in 1598, with Shakespeare in the cast. The name derives from the curtain wall of the adjacent St John the Baptist Holywell monastery. 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